Urology covers a lot of different organs and different conditions. Urologists treat both men and women. A urologist is the specialist for the kidneys, ureters (the tubes that carry the urine from the kidneys to the bladder), bladder and urethra (the tube that carries the urine from the bladder out of your body). Urologists are also the specialists for male genital organs, including the prostate, penis, testicles, and scrotum. Anyone with problems with their urinary tract, from the top of the kidneys to the bladder and out to the end of the urethra, in both men and women, should see a urologist for help
Urologists are both surgeons and medical specialists. Other specialties are split, like cardiology and cardiac surgery, neurology and neurosurgery. Urologists treat the urinary tract and male genital tract for all conditions, those that need medicine, those that need surgery, and even conditions that just need to be monitored to be sure they are not getting worse. To confuse matters, there is an exception. There is a medical kidney doctor for the kidneys, called a nephrologist. They handle people with poor kidney function and people who need dialysis.
So what are the most common reasons people go to a urologist? That list will be in my next Orange County Urology Blog post.
Matthew Greenberger, MD